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All Gyanecological Surgries

All Gyanecological Surgries

Laparoscopic (Cystectomy, Myomectomy, and Hysterectomy):
Surgery that includes any portion of the reproductive system of a woman, including the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, is called gynecological surgery. Surgical treatments for benign conditions such as ovarian cyst, fibroids, uterine prolapse or other benign gynecological masses, tumors, infertility, and urinary incontinence are included in gynecological surgery. Depending on the intent and other considerations of the patient, the following protocols can be followed:

> Laparoscopic procedure
> Open Abdominal Procedure
> Vaginal procedure

Laparoscopic surgery is done in the abdominal and pelvic areas. A laparoscope is an instrument used in laparoscopic surgery. It's a long, narrow tube with a high-resolution camera on the front. A slight incision is made in the abdominal wall to insert the laparoscope.

Laparoscopic surgery helps to locate and diagnose the cause of pelvic pain or abdominal pain. Invasive procedures, such as imaging scans, do not offer adequate details for diagnosis, so clinicians prescribe laparoscopic surgery. It's done under general anesthesia. Indications of laparoscopic surgery include fibroids, cysts, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory condition, adhesions, surgical wounds, etc.

Cystectomy is a surgery that is performed to remove one or half of the urinary bladder. It is often used to remove a cyst. It is used for the removal of the urinary bladder in bladder cancers. The bladder (entire or part) and part of the urethra along with the surrounding lymph nodes are separated during cystectomy.

Myomectomy is a surgical technique used to remove uterine fibroids that are non-cancer growths that appear in the uterus. Fibroids may happen at any age but typically occur during a woman's childbearing years. In myomectomy, the uterus remains intact and the woman will maintain her ability to replicate.

Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus after such anomalies arise. This procedure can also include the removal of the cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and other nearby structures. Indications for hysterectomy include when uterine fibroids cause pain and bleeding, or when uterine prolapse and uterine, cervix, or ovarian cancer arise.

Gynecological surgery covers every portion of a woman's reproductive system, including the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It requires treatments for benign or malignant conditions, cancer, infertility, and urinary incontinence. Depending on the indication and other considerations of the patient, the treatment can be performed through the following methods:

> Laparoscopic procedure
> Open Abdominal Procedure
> Vaginal procedure

In this operation, the abdomen is exposed by either a 10 to 12 cm transverse incision, also called a bikini incision, or a vertical incision. General anesthesia is used in such operations for painless surgery. With the advancement of technologies and specialized instruments, most gynecological procedures may be done by laparoscopy. However, open abdominal procedures are needed in multiple cases, such as large fibroids, large ovarian cysts, history of multiple cesareans, advanced cancer, or extreme endometriosis. After 2 to 3 days, the patient will be released. The healing takes around 3 to 4 weeks.

It involves performing any gynecological surgery through the vaginal route. This procedure is performed when there is uterine prolapse, prolapse of the vaginal wall with cystocele, rectocele, and enterocele. In cases with full perineal tears and minor fistulas, vaginal surgery may be performed. By vaginal surgery, tightening of the vagina or cosmetic vaginal reconstruction may be performed.

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