Periods : Menstrual Symptoms, PMS & Problems

Menstruation can be called as the start to woman's reproductive years. A young woman experience and can notice her first period when blood comes from her vagina.

Menstruation continues till the age of 45 to 55 years and ends with menopause.

What is a period ?

A woman has two ovaries and each of those consists of a number of eggs and an egg gets released every month during the reproductive years. Each month the woman’s womb prepares a lining so that the egg becomes fertilised. In the case of the egg not becoming fertilised, there is no need for the lining and together with the egg it gets shed. This shedding appears as blood which we call as period. In case the egg becomes fertilised the woman’s womb will require the lining, and thus it won’t be shed explaining why periods stop as soon as pregnancy starts.

When do periods start ?

A young girl’s periods usually begin when they reach the age of 12 years and can happen anytime till they reach 14 years, although this can vary from the age of 8 to 16 years. We can say that Menstruation is an important stage in puberty of a girl. This can also be considered as a physical sign which shows that the girl is transforming into a woman.

At least 6 months before a girl gets her first period, she might see a clear vaginal discharge. It is import to note and observe that the discharge should be free from any strong odour and should not cause any kind of itchiness or discomfort. If it is free from from such features then this discharge should be considered normal. Periods will be a regular phenomenon every month until the woman touches the age of menopause.
Period contains a small amount of blood and endometrium. This bleeding is a result of the breakage of fine blood vessels existing in the woman’s womb when the detachment of lining occurs.

Every month the period will usually last for 5 days. The blood flow will be heavier during the first 2 days of the cycle but it will still be only 5-12 tsps even in case of heavy flow.
In some rare cases women experience a little heavy blood flow than the normal periods, which is called menorrhagia. This happening should be consulted with a doctor as it may pave way for low blood count or anaemia.

Premenstrual Syndrome or PMS

PMS or Premenstrual syndrome is a mix of symptoms which may be physical, emotional or psychological which are linked to the menstrual cycle of the woman.

The symptoms of PMS or Premenstrual syndrome which a woman may feel as the days to her period are approaching can be :
  • Acne
  • Headache
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Irritated
  • Backache
  • Cranky mood
  • Feeling of being emotional most of the time
  • Poor concentration
  • Insomnia
  • Tenderness of breasts

The above symptoms of PMS or Premenstrual syndrome improve as the woman gets her period and they disappear as the period ends. But there are some reasons which increase the chance of a woman experiencing PMS or Premenstrual syndrome :

  • Stress
  • Too much consumption of caffeine and its related products
  • Mental illness
  • Smoking
  • Low vitamin, calcium and minerals level in the body

Dr. Chetna CliniK

Irregular Period

The average length of a woman’s period cycle is mostly 28 days. Yet, in some cases it may vary from 21-40 days. Most of the women have the same period cycle every month but some women experience irregular periods.

Irregular periods mean variations or irregularity in :

  • Duration of bleeding
  • The length of interval between the periods
  • Quantity of blood discharge

Irregular periods are caused because of a variety of factors like the following :

  • Hormone imbalance
  • Scarring, endometrial polyps and uterine fibroids
  • Medications
  • Bleeding disorder
  • Use of some different birth control method
  • Uterus Infection
  • Cervical cancer

It is advisable to see a doctor whenever you experience irregular period.

Periods are a natural phenomenon and they should be experienced stress free like any other thing that happens naturally. Be happy as your period approach and life would be beautiful during those difficult days too.

Miracles MediClinic & Cradle Hospital
SCO 1, 2 & 3, Sector 14,
near Payal Cinema, Gurgaon - 122001


Dr. Chetna's Clinik
37, 1st Floor, Ansal Plaza,
Palam Vihar, Gurgaon -122017


[email protected]


Days Miracles  Mediclinic Dr. Chetna's  Clinik
Monday 8:00AM - 12:00PM 6:00PM - 8:00PM
Tuesday 8:00AM - 12:00PM 6:00PM - 8:00PM
Wednesday 8:00AM - 12:00PM 6:00PM - 8:00PM
Thursday 8:00AM - 12:00PM 6:00PM - 8:00PM
Friday 8:00AM - 12:00PM 6:00PM - 8:00PM
Saturday 8:00AM - 12:00PM Only emergencies
Sunday Only emergencies Only emergencies
Copyright @ 2015 NEMA HEALTHCARE. All rights reserved.